Hacker attacks, alas, are not uncommon in the computerized world. There are "specialists" who work in a big way: they hack sites with classified data of various large organizations. There are also small fraudsters who do not disdain the home computer of an ordinary person. No one is immune from hacker attacks, so additional precautions will not hurt.
- - special programs;
- - caution
Install a powerful enough antivirus program on your computer that will track and root out all malicious products created by hackers. Make sure that the anti-virus program is regularly (at least once every three days) updated, that is, it downloads new files from the Internet. It is better to make the update automatic.
If you received a letter by e-mail with a suspicious sender address, be wary. Never open or save files received by e-mail, which cause distrust, and which you did not expect from anyone. They can cause serious damage to your computer, or your frivolous actions will provoke the leakage of your confidential data. Better to mark such emails as spam.
If you opened a letter that allegedly came to you from a bank, in which “unobtrusively” it is proposed to restore your access to the current account by entering the appropriate data, or something like that, never do this. This is the handwriting of a hacker. Even if you left your e-mail address to the bank, and you received a letter supposedly from it, first of all, call the organization back and clarify all the questions that have arisen. By frivolously sending your checking account number and other secret data to a supposedly bank address, you risk losing all your money.
Install programs such as Brandmauer or Firewall on your computer. This is a complex of software tools that filters and controls the network blocks passing through it in accordance with certain predefined rules. The main task of these programs is to protect computers from unauthorized access. They are also often called filters because they do not allow (filter) packets that do not meet the criteria defined in the configuration.
In addition, there are a number of different anti-hacker programs that allow you to control the outgoing traffic of your computer, collect information about "gray" IP-addresses, etc. Their selection and installation is carried out depending on your personal preferences and the characteristics of your computer.