The invention of the Internet in the form in which it is known today is not the work of one person. Many people worked on the creation and development of the Internet. The idea for the creation of the World Wide Web is attributed to Leonard Kleinrock, an American engineer and scientist.
In May 1961, Kleinrock published an article entitled "The Flow of Information in Widespread Communication Networks." In 1962, American scientist Licklider became the first director of the Information Processing Technology Office (IPTO) and proposed his vision of the network. The ideas of Kleinrock and Licklider were supported by Robert Taylor. He also proposed the idea of creating a system that later became known as Arpanet.
This computer network became the prototype of the modern world wide web.
The first steps
In the late 60s of the 20th century, the Internet began to develop. In the summer of 1968, a working group chaired by Elmer Shapiro discussed questions about how host computers can communicate with each other.
In December 1968, Elmer Shapiro, together with the Stanford Research Institute, published a paper entitled "Exploring the Parameters of Computer Network Design." This work was used by Lawrence Roberts and Barry Wessler to create the final version of a specialized mini-computer (IMP).
Later, BBN Technologies received a grant to design and build a computer subnet.
In July 1969, the creation of the Internet became known to the general public when the University of California at Los Angeles issued a press release.
In 1969, the first switch was shipped to the University of California Los Angeles, and with it the first dedicated mini-computer. In the same year, the first signal is sent from the switch to the computer.
The emergence of email
The first e-mail was sent in 1971 by computer programmer Ray Tomlinson. The first message was transmitted between two cars literally standing side by side. After successfully sending the message, Ray Tomlinson sent emails to his colleagues explaining how to send such messages.
The instructions for sending e-mail referred to the fact that the "dog" sign separates the username and the name of the computer from which the message is written.
This is how Ray Tomlinson became the creator of email.
After the creation of e-mail, scientists continued to come up with new inventions.
In 1974 a commercial version of Aparnet appeared, called Telenet.
In 1973, engineer Bob Metcalfe proposes the idea of creating Ethernet.
In 1977 Dennis Hayes and Dale Hatherington release the first modem. Modems are becoming popular among Internet users.
Tim Berners-Lee made a great contribution to the development of the modern Internet. In 1990, he invented the HTML code, which greatly influenced the appearance of the Internet.
Most modern internet browsers are derived from the Mosaic browser. It is the first graphical browser used on the World Wide Web and created in 1993. Its authors are Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina.