Many people ask the question "How to create a server?", But in order to answer it, you need to understand what is hidden under the term "server". A server is a hardware and software computing system that can provide various services to its "clients" (a client is any PC user who connects to the server and uses its services).
The hardware part of the server (hardware) is, in fact, an ordinary computer of increased power and with the possibility of free expansion, i.e. increasing power by installing new modules.
The server software part (server software) is the part of the server that performs the main functionality. It usually consists of special operating rooms (they are also called server ones, since they are focused only on certain tasks: high performance, reliable fault tolerance system, absence of unnecessary system modules such as game support, etc.). An example of such a system is Windows Server 2003 x64. The second part is server-side programs like proxy server, http server (like Apache), database server (like Oracle), etc.
For developers, as well as for novice administrators, there are various builds of servers that can be downloaded and run without deep knowledge of administration and programming, simply by performing the installation. One of the most popular programs of this type is Xampp.
This software package is cross-platform (i.e. it will work with both Windows and Unix / Linux / Solaris) build of a web server, which includes two main servers Apache (http server for serving requests) and MySql (popular database server), an interpreter of the php programming language (without this server component, php scripts will not work), the Perl programming language, servers for sending and receiving e-mail - POP3 / SMTP, as well as several useful utilities for managing the server - phpMyAdmin (system database management) and the FileZilla fpt client.
The last step in creating a server is to create (purchase) a permanent IP address leading to your server. You can buy an ip-address and domain name from one of the companies that provide hosting rental services (hosting is a rented server with an installed operating system and a web server) and domains (for example, agava.ru).